STEP 0 – Sign up for TRELLO!!!
STEP 1 – Identify Need or Problem
Syrian Conflict Today – March 2016
UN to cut food assistance to Syrian refugees
Building a perfect refugee camp
How does the Syrian crisis affect children
Ukrainian Germans displaced by Nazis
Design Problem :Shelter provision
The objectives of providing shelters are: protection against the elements and against vectors, provision of sufficient housing space for families, and restoring a sense of privacy and security. Shelters are required in every refugee emergency; but the type and design of shelter, who constructs it and how long it should last will vary in every situation2.
However, some general principles may be concluded2:
– Shelters that have already been built by refugees or buildings occupied by them (e.g. schools) must be assessed. It is important that consideration is given to the amount of space available for each person, to ventilation (e.g. risk of respiratory infection) and for protection against rain, as these factors may entail significant health risks.
– Wherever possible, refugees should construct their own shelters and should receive material (including appropriate tools) and technical support to assist them in doing so.
– It is best to use suitable local materials where available. Special emergency shelters (e.g. tents) and pre-fabricated units have not yet proven practical because of their high cost and the problems of transporting them. It is also difficult to persuade refugees to accept something which is not within their cultural traditions. However, some types of prefabricated shelter are still being tested and may be suitable for use in the first weeks of an emergency.
– A minimum sheltering space of 3.5m2 per person is recommended in an emergency. However, different cultures have different needs. – Single-family shelters are preferable (unless multi-family units are traditional).
More info found here: refugee camp needs
When considering emergency, temporary, housing the following revolve around the success of such shelter and relief efforts; cost (how much per shelter? cost of resources? cost of living?); availability (are necessary resources available? are they available under pressure/time? who will provide them?); transport time (how long to require necessary materials?); setup time (how long does it take to set up? how many people does it require? what if pieces are missing?); quality (what is it made of? does it protect from the environment?); durability (how long is it meant to last? can it easily be damaged, if so can it be fixed?); size (number of persons per room. kitchen? wash space? sleep space?) security (does the house have a lock? are there windows? is it surrounded by other emergency shelters? can belongings be left safely?) weather proof (protection from environmental conditions, extreme heat, extreme cold, winds, rains); design / look (color? aesthetics? is it culturally sensitive? religious space? is it near nature?); privacy (separate rooms? locks on doors?) noise; cleanliness; distance to work/ school/ religious services/ washroom.
The building you design can either be a home or some other kind of structure that would be useful in the refugee camp
STEP 1.5 – Scrum / Agile workflow
Work with your group in TRELLO to come up with a backlog of everything you need to do for the project. Then break down each item into tasks and move them into the appropriate columns. Assign each task to a member of the group.
STEP 2 – Research
Put together a research document GOOGLE SLIDE where you answer the following:
1) what is going on in syria that is causing there to be so many refugees
2) where are the refugees going
3) what are the needs of refugees in a camp
4) what other refugee shelters exist? what are their pros and cons? (IKEA flat pack, tents, etc) existing product review with pictures: has anyone designed anything yet?
5) what is the climate, available building materials, traditional building methods for that climate, etc.
6) are there any political / cultural / religious / familial considerations to take into consideration?
Research materials if need be.
-materials: click on these links 1 2
-joints and fixings: click here
-ergonomics: how much space is needed per person, height of buildings, etc.
STEP 3 – Develop possible solutions
-8 thumbnail sketches
-2 roughs (has more detail and color)
-1 working drawing in Sketchup (tutorial and another and ref card)
STEP 4 and 5 – Select best possible solution and construct prototype
-Create 3D model. 1/2 inch = 1 foot.
STEP 6 – Test and Evaluate
Small group Critique, Analysis and Synthesis
-needs to be improved
-What potential problems would your solution have, and how can you fix those problems?
STEP 7 – Communicate the Solution
Create a final presentation/form to communicate the idea to others. Get feedback.
Put the following on CARBONMADE: Initial research, sketches, sketchup drawing, photos of model.
Step 8 – Redesign
Reflection – what would you change for a redesign phase / additional sprint. each student will write a reflective paragraph about this and turn it in to ms. epp